Introduction: There are limited data on the aetiology and management of perianal abscesses (PAs). The aim of this retrospective study was to define the characteristics of children with PAs; describe our experience with PA from the perspective of paediatric infectious medicine and determine the factors that influence clinical outcomes. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of cases of PA in children with no underlying disease managed in a tertiary referral hospital between January 2005 and July 2015. We collected data on demographic characteristics, symptoms, abscess size and location, abscess recurrences, laboratory and microbiological findings, treatment modalities, diagnosis of systemic illness at the end of the diagnostic workup and clinical outcomes. Results: We included a total of 47 patients in the study, with a predominance of male patients (93.6 vs 6.4%, P <.001). The median age was 7.7 months (IQR 1.8-13.7 months), and 40 children (85.1%)were younger than 2 years of age. Four PAs drained spontaneously and 7 healed without need of drainage (23.4%). Drainage by simple incision was applied to 36 patients (76.5%)and six PAs required fistulotomy (12.7%). Recurrent abscesses were found in 25 patients (53.1%). Three patients with recurrent PA were diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease at the end of the diagnostic evaluation. Conclusions: Based on the findings of our study, measurement of white blood cell counts and serum levels of acute phase reactants may be useful in the initial evaluation of children with PA. In light of the high relapse rates observed in surgically managed patients, it seems reasonable to use a conservative approach in patients aged less than 2 years.