Comparison of clinical features in patients with vestibular migraine and migraine

Çelebisoy N., Ak A. K., Ataç C., Özdemir H. N., Gökçay F., Durmaz G. S., ...More

Journal of Neurology, vol.270, no.7, pp.3567-3573, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 270 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00415-023-11677-3
  • Journal Name: Journal of Neurology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.3567-3573
  • Keywords: Aural fullness/tinnitus, Menopause, Migraine, Motion sickness, Vestibular migraine
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Vestibular migraine (VM) is accepted as the most common cause of spontaneous episodic vertigo. In most patients, vestibular symptoms follow migraine headaches that begin earlier in life. The aim of this multicenter retrospective study was to find out the differences between migraine patients without any vestibular symptoms (MwoV) and VM patients and to delineate the specific clinical features associated with VM. MwoV and VM patients were compared regarding demographic features, migraine headache years, headache attack frequency, intensity, symptoms associated with headache and vertigo attacks, presence of menopause, history of motion sickness and family history of migraine. Four-hundred and forty patients with MwoV and 408 patients with VM were included in the study. Migraine with aura was more frequent in patients with MwoV (p = 0.035). Migraine headache years was longer (p < 0.001) and headache intensity was higher in patients with VM (p = 0.020). Aural fullness/tinnitus was more common in patients with VM (p < 0.001) when all other associated symptoms were more frequent in patients with MwoV (p < 0.001) as well as attack triggers (p < 0.05). Presence of menopause and motion sickness history was reported more frequently by VM patients (p < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis indicated that longstanding history of migraine with severe headache attacks, aural fullness/tinnitus accompanying attacks, presence of menopause, previous motion sickness history were the differentiating clinical features of patients with VM.