The effect of hydraulic retention time on thermophilic dark fermentative biohydrogen production in the continuously operated packed bed bioreactor


KARAPINAR İ., Yildiz P. G., Pamuk R. T., Gorgec F. K.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.45, no.5, pp.3524-3531, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.12.195
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.3524-3531
  • Keywords: Biohydrogen, Immobilization, Continuous dark fermentation, Thermophilic, Packed-bed reactor, Hydraulic retention time, BIO-HYDROGEN PRODUCTION, WHEAT-STARCH, IMMOBILIZATION, PARTICLE, OPTIMIZATION, IMPROVEMENT, SUBSTRATE, REACTOR
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The main objective of the study is to investigate the effect of hydraulic retention times on continuous dark fermentative biohydrogen production in an up-flow packed bed reactor (UPBR) containing a novel microorganism immobilization material namely polyester fiber beads. The hydrogen producing dark fermentative microorganisms were obtained by heat-pretreatment of anaerobic sludge from the acidogenic phase of an anaerobic wastewater treatment plant. Glucose was the sole carbon source and the initial concentration was 15 +/- 1 g/L throughout the continuous feeding. UPBR was operated under the thermophilic condition at T = 48 +/- 2 degrees C and at varying HRTs between 2 h and 6 h. The hydrogen productivity of continuously operated UPBR increased with increasing HRT. Hydrogen production volume varied between 4331 and 6624 ml/d, volumetric hydrogen production rates (VHPR) were obtained as 3.09-4.73 L H-2/L day, and hydrogen production yields (HY) were 0.49 mol/mol glucose-0.89 mol/mol glucose depending on HRT. Maximum daily hydrogen volume (6624 ml/d), the yield (0.89 mol/mol glucose) and VHPR (4.73 L H-2/L day) were obtained at HRT = 6 h. The production rate and the yield decreased with increasing organic loading rate due to substrate inhibition. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.