Structure of the Buyuk Menderes Graben systems from gravity anomalies

Timur E., Kaftan İ., Sarı C., Şalk M.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, vol.28, no.4, pp.544-557, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/yer-1809-31
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.544-557
  • Keywords: Boundary analysis, Buyuk Menderes Graben, inversion, gravity, sedimentary thickness, western Turkey, WESTERN ANATOLIA, GEDIZ GRABEN, TECTONIC EVOLUTION, MASSIF, EXTENSION, BASIN, SEDIMENTATION, EXHUMATION, FIELD, PART
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The Buyuk Menderes Graben (BMG) of western Turkey is bounded by E-W oriented normal faults and has been a depositional center for thick sedimentary layers since the Miocene. Four Mio-Pliocene depressions (from west to east, the tine, Bozdogan, Karacasu, and Denizli basins) having overall N-S trends are situated just south of the BMG. In this study, we focused on the structural characteristics of the BMG using Bougucr gravity data covering the area between 37 degrees N and 39 degrees N and 26 degrees 30'E and 30 degrees E and gravity data along 4 profiles to estimate the discontinuous basement relief of the BMG. Our main objectives were to investigate the geometry of the faults bounding the BMG and surrounding faults, and to describe the extent of the cross-graben structures. Boundary analysis, analytical signals, and second derivative methods were applied to Bouguer gravity data in order to determine tectonic border lines. The 2D inversion of gravity data together with the analysis of the power spectrum for each profile exposed an image of the subsurface. As a result of both methods, the thickness of the sedimentary cover was determined to be 1.44-2.3 km in the BMG. According to model geometry, the thickness of the sedimentary deposits decreases to the south of the graben.