2024 Strabo Year: Strabon's Geological Contributions in particular Anatolian Geography

Küçükavcı S., Koçak C., Duman A., Tepe Ç., Eski S., Nazik A., ...More

76. Türkiye Jeoloji Kurultayı, Ankara, Turkey, 15 - 19 April 2024, pp.345

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.345
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Strabo, who is known as the father of geography in the world and

known by almost all geologists and archaeologists, as an Anatolian he

was born in Amasya, which is most commonly accepted date in 64 BC.

Based on Strabo's characteristic of being an Anatolian, the year 2024

was adopted and accepted as the Year of Strabo by the JEMIRKO in

reference to the 2000th year of his death in 24 AD.

Strabo's most important giant work, as it is known, is Geography

which is cover 17 volumes books and covering almost the entire known

Earth at that time. This work includes Anatolia to a significant extent,

from the Iberian Peninsula in the west to India in the east, from Ireland

and Russia in the north, and bordered Libya, North Africa and the

Arabian Peninsula in the south.

While the first 2 volumes of this giant work introduced on the

definition, history and mathematics of Geography, the 3rd volume

focuses mainly on the Iberian Peninsula, the 4th volume generally on

Ireland, Britain and its islands, the 5th and 6th volumes related on Italy

and Sicily, and the 7th volume focuses on Northern, Eastern and

Central Europe. The 8th and 9th books concentrate on the Greek

mainland, the 10th volume focuses on the Greek islands, and the 11th

book introduce mainly on Russia, the Caucasus, the Southern Caspian

Basin and Central Asia respectively Strabon start to promote Anatolia

in his 12th book. The 13th volume of his book covers the Northern and

Central Aegean, and the 14th generally implicates the Eastern

Mediterranean Basin. The last 3 volumes of Strabo's work deal with

Iran, India, the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa in general,


In this abstract, first of all, a brief introduction of the Year of Strabo

2024 will be made, and information about the scientific activities

planned to be held during this year will be shared. Afterwards, maps

prepared in the perspective of the narrative route of the areas covered

by Strabo's 12th, 13th and 14th books, in which he especially

introduces Anatolian Geography, will be shared for the first time.

Finally, Strabo's special contributions to geological topics such as

rocks/stones, mines, earthquakes and volcanic events or sites, which

he mentioned in Anatolia, will be briefly mentioned through some