Event-related potentials and neuropsychological tests in obsessive-compulsive disorder


Kivircik B. B., Yener G., ALPTEKİN K., Aydin H.

PROGRESS IN NEURO-PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY, no.4, pp.601-606, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

Objective: Previous studies have provided evidence from event-related potentials (ER-Ps) and neuropsychological testing of abnormal cognitive processing in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The aim of this study was to further characterize the cognitive functions of the patients with OCD by utilizing ERPs and neuropsychological tests. Methods: ERPs were recorded in a group of 31 drug-free OCD patients without depression and 30 normal controls following verbal auditory stimuli using an oddball paradigm. The specific neuropsycho logical tests administered to assess cognitive functions in all participants were the Stroop Test, Trail Making Test, Design Fluency Test, Controlled Word Association Test (Verbal Fluency test). Results: The patient group showed shorter P300 duration compared to normal controls. In neuropsycho logical tests, no significant differences were found between the two groups. Negative correlations between Stroop duration and P300 amplitudes in occipital, parietal, and temporal anterior regions were observed. Conclusion: Shorter P300 duration may indicate an acceleration in the P300 process, and speeding of cognitive processing, dysfunction of cortico-subcortical circuits, or some combination of all of the above. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.