Effects of BQ-788 on amitriptyline-induced cardiovascular toxicity.

Arıcı M. A., Büyükdeligöz M., Kalkan Ş., Tunçok Y.

Human & experimental toxicology, vol.32, no.3, pp.316-22, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0960327112446819
  • Journal Name: Human & experimental toxicology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.316-22
  • Keywords: Amitriptyline, bradycardia, BQ-788, hypotension, QRS prolongation, NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHESIS, ENDOTHELIN-1 ET-1, RECEPTOR BLOCKADE, CALCIUM, RAT, HYPERTENSION, INHIBITION, FRAGMENT
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: We investigated both the effects of the endothelin type B (ETB) receptor antagonist, BQ-788, on amitriptyline-induced cardiotoxicity and the role of ETB receptors on amitriptyline-induced cardiovascular depression. Methods: Male Wistar rats were anaesthetized with urethane/chloralose. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and QRS duration were recorded. Toxicity was induced by amitriptyline infusion (0.94 mg/kg per min) until the 50% inhibition of MAP. In the first protocol, 5% dextrose or BQ-788 bolus was administered to control or experimental group animals, respectively. In the second protocol, after incubation with BQ-788 or 5% dextrose, amitriptyline was infused. Results: Amitriptyline caused a significant decrease in MAP, prolonged QRS duration and decreased HR for both the groups. BQ-788 administration improved MAP (5, 10 and 15 min), shortened the prolonged QRS (5 and 10 minutes) and increased HR (5, 10 and 15 min) compared with dextrose group. While all the amitriptyline-infused rats survived in BQ-788 group, all the amitriptyline-infused rats died within 20 min in dextrose group. In the second protocol, BQ-788 incubation did not cause any statistically significant change in amitriptyline-induced cardiovascular depression. Conclusion: BQ-788 may have beneficial effects in amitriptyline-induced cardiovascular changes via a physiologic antagonism. ETB receptor antagonists may be the promising antidotes for the cardiovascular toxicity with hypotension and bradycardia.