Diagnostic value of proton MR spectroscopy and diffusion-weighted MR imaging in childhood inherited neurometabolic brain diseases and review of the literature


Cakmakci H., Pekcevik Y., YİŞ U., Unalp A., Kurul S.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, vol.74, no.3, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2009.05.048
  • Journal Name: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, Inherited childhood neurometabolic brain diseases, MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-SPECTROSCOPY, RHIZOMELIC CHONDRODYSPLASIA PUNCTATA, PELIZAEUS-MERZBACHER-DISEASE, GLUTARIC ACIDURIA TYPE-1, SYRUP-URINE-DISEASE, TAY-SACHS-DISEASE, X-LINKED ADRENOLEUKODYSTROPHY, L-2 HYDROXYGLUTARIC ACIDURIA, WHITE-MATTER DISORDERS, METACHROMATIC LEUKODYSTROPHY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate parenchymal diffusion properties and metabolite ratios in affected brain tissues of inherited neurometabolic brain diseases with an overview of the current literature about the diagnostic data of both techniques in childhood inherited metabolic brain diseases. The study group was consisting, 19 patients (15 males, 4 females; mean age, 54 months (4.5 years); age range, 1-171 months (14.25 years)) diagnosed with inherited neurometabolic brain disease. Single- and multivoxel proton MRS was carried out and NAA/Cr, Cho/Cr, mI/Cr, Glx/Cr ratios were calculated. Presence of lactate peak and abnormal different peaks were noted. ADC values were calculated from brain lesions. Results are compared with age and sex matched normal subjects. Elevated NAA/Cr ratio (Canavan disease), galactitol peak (galactosemia) at 3.7 ppm, branched chain amino acids (Maple syrup urine disease-MSUD) at 0.9 ppm were seen on different diseases. In Leigh disease and MSUD restricted diffusion was detected. Different diffusion properties were seen only in one Glutaric aciduria lesions. NAA/Cr ratios and calculated ADC values were significantly different from normal subjects (p<0.05). DWI combined with MRS are complementary methods to routine cranial MRI for evaluating neurometabolic diseases which can give detailed information about neurochemistry of affected brain areas. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.