Lime Stabilization of Soils Underlying a Salt Evaporation Pond: A Laboratory Study

Onal O.

MARINE GEORESOURCES & GEOTECHNOLOGY, vol.33, no.5, pp.391-402, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/1064119x.2014.909297
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.391-402
  • Keywords: organic matter, salt pond, lime stabilization, initial consumption of lime, soft soil
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this article is to investigate a possible use of lime for the stabilization of base soils underlying salt evaporation ponds in camalti Solar Marine Salt Plant. The plant is located on the old Gediz River Delta, on the north shore of the Izmir Bay-Turkey, where alluvial deltaic soft marine sediments constitute the local soil condition. The low bearing capacity of the pond base soils results in some problems on the mechanical harvest of the solar salt. Therefore, stabilization was taken into consideration for improving the productivity of the salt plant. For this purpose, bench-scale laboratory tests were performed on the specimens that had been sampled from the bases of the salt evaporation pond to investigate the influence of lime on the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of these marine sediments. By interpreting the pH test results and consistency limits of the lime stabilized soils, optimum lime content was determined as 8%. The verification of the long-term pozzolanic reactions for the optimum lime content was conducted by performing UCS tests with up to six months curing periods, along with the microstructural analysis through X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Long-term tests revealed that the optimum lime content successfully sustained the required pozzolanic reactions, and a strength gain of 500% was achieved for a six-month curing period.