Quantification of emissions from domestic heating in residential areas of Izmir, Turkey and assessment of the impact on local/regional air-quality

Sari D., BAYRAM A.

SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, vol.488, pp.431-438, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 488
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.11.033
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.431-438
  • Keywords: Air pollution, Greenhouse gases, Emission inventory, Air quality modeling, CALPUFF, PARTICULATE MATTER, INVENTORY, PATTERNS, SYSTEMS, DEMAND, CITIES, REGION, FUEL
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Air pollution in cities is a major environmental problem principally in the developing countries. The quantification of emissions is a basic requirement to assess the human influence to the atmosphere. The air quality generally shows decreases with the major contribution residential emissions and meteorology in the winter season in the big cities. Poor meteorological conditions especially inversion events for the efficient mixing of air pollutants occurred during the winter months in Izmir. With this work we quantify the amount of domestic heating emissions for particulate matter (PM10), sulfur dioxides (SO2), nitrogen dioxides (NO2), volatile organic compounds (VOC) and carbon monoxide (CO) together with greenhouse gases which are carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) in Izmir for 2008-2009 winter season. The results showed that the most affected residential areas were central districts in the city center from domestic heating emissions due to meteorological condition and demographic reasons. Air quality modeling is a great tool for assisting policy makers how to decrease emissions and improve air quality. At the second part of the study, calculated emissions were modeled by using CALMET/CALPUFF dispersion modeling system and plotted in the form of air pollution maps by using geographical information system to determine the locations and estimate the effects of the new residential areas that will be established in the future in Izmir. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.