Depression and cognitive distortions in hemodialysis patients with end stage renal disease: A case-control study


Tuna Ö., Balaban Ö. D., Mutlu C., Şahmelikoğlu Ö., Bali M., Ermis C.

European Journal of Psychiatry, vol.35, pp.242-250, 2021 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejpsy.2021.01.001
  • Journal Name: European Journal of Psychiatry
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, BIOSIS, EMBASE, Psycinfo, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.242-250
  • Keywords: Depression, End-stage renal disease, Cognitive distortions, Cognitive behaviour therapy, CHRONIC KIDNEY-DISEASE, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, DYSFUNCTIONAL ATTITUDES, BEHAVIORAL THERAPY, AUTOMATIC THOUGHTS, PERITONEAL-DIALYSIS, MAJOR DEPRESSION, ANXIETY, HELPLESSNESS, PREVALENCE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© 2021 Asociación Universitaria de Zaragoza para el Progreso de la Psiquiatría y la Salud MentalBackground and objectives: Identifying cognitive distortions is essential for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) that plays a key role in the treatment of depression. Depression seen in patients with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) has not been sufficiently diagnosed and treated. This study aimed to examine the cognitive distortions and schemas of patients diagnosed with ESRD. Methods: Fifty-six patients undergoing hemodialysis and forty-seven controls were enrolled in the study. A sociodemographic and clinic data form, Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale (DAS), Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ) were applied to all participants. Results: The prevalence of the psychiatric disorder in the case group was significantly higher than the prevalence of the psychiatric disorder in the control group. Compared with the control group, the HADS depression subscale was significantly high in the patient group. There was a positive correlation between the duration of hemodialysis and total scores of DAS as well as the “dependency attitudes” factor among the case group. The “helplessness” subscale scores of the ATQ were significantly higher in the case group compared to the control group. Conclusions: The duration of hemodialysis was related to dependency attitudes of cognitive distortions among patients with ESRD. Studies investigating cognitive modalities are needed to treat depression more successfully in this population. It will contribute to the Cognitive Behaviour Therapy of ESRD patients when these factors are taken into consideration.