Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the ALBA screening instrument for Lewy body dementia in older adults


KAYA D., YEŞİL GÜREL B. H., AKPINAR SÖYLEMEZ B., DOST F. S., Dokuzlar O., MUTLAY F., ...More

APPLIED NEUROPSYCHOLOGY-ADULT, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/23279095.2022.2142793
  • Journal Name: APPLIED NEUROPSYCHOLOGY-ADULT
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, CINAHL, EMBASE, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, cognitive impairment, dementia with Lewy bodies, screening test, visuospatial function, ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE, BODIES, PREVALENCE, DIAGNOSIS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

ALBA screening instrument (ASI) has been demonstrated to be an effective, cheap, and noninvasive clinical instrument to screen for Lewy body dementia (LBD). We aimed to determine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of ASI (ASI-T) in patients with LBD and to investigate the discriminative power of the test in patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD), LBD, and cognitively healthy older adults (controls). 172 older adults over 60 years of age (43 with LBD, 41 AD, and 88 controls) were included. The sensitivity and specificity of the instrument were determined. A significant difference was found in ASI-T total score between people with LBD versus the controls (t=-9.259; p < 0.001), and versus patients with AD (t = 3.490; p = 0.001). Internal consistency of the ASI-T was good(Cronbach's alpha = 0.81). The cutoff score of 7 showed sensitivity (86%) and specificity (81%) (AUC= 0.888,CI0.95, p < 0.001) compared to controls. Also, compared to AD, it showed sensitivity (86%) and specificity(70%) (AUC = 0.590,CI .95, p < 0.001). Moreover, ASI-T demonstrated a significant concurrent validity with MMSE (r = -0.62; p < 0.001) and MoCA (r = -0.54; p = 0.003). In factor analysis, the five subscales accounted for 60% of the total variance. Our findings suggested that the ASI-T is a reliable, valid, and effective instrument for screening LBD. With acceptable psychometric properties, it has the power to distinguish patients with LBD from controls or those with AD.