Effects of acute lower limb and trunk fatigue on balance, performance, and skin temperature in healthy males

Turkmen O. B., ÖZYÜREK S., GENÇ A.

JOURNAL OF MUSCULOSKELETAL & NEURONAL INTERACTIONS, vol.23, no.2, pp.215-222, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.215-222
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: It is unclear whether lower limb and trunk fatigue leads to different effects. Although some studies have compared the effects of muscle fatigue on balance and performance in healthy individuals, little is known about its effects on skin temperature. This study aimed to compare the effects of lower limb and trunk fatigue on balance, performance, and skin temperature in healthy males. Methods: Twenty participants performed trunk and lower limb fatigue protocols on two separate days. Balance (Y-Balance Test-YBT), trunk performance (plank test), lower limb performance (Single-Leg Triple Hop-SLTH and Countermovement jump-CMJ), and skin temperature were assessed pre-fatigue and post-fatigue. Infrared Thermography assessed the skin temperatures of the trunk and lower limb. Results: Compared with trunk fatigue, the lower limb fatigue protocol had a more significant adverse effect on reducing YBT score, CMJ parameters, and SLHT distance (p<0.05). Both fatigue protocols resulted in lower plank test times and trunk skin temperature (p<0.05). The changes in plank times and skin temperature were similar between protocols (p>0.05). Conclusions: Taken together, these results suggest that lower limb fatigue adversely affected balance and lower limb performance more than trunk fatigue. Trunk performance and trunk skin temperatures decreased after both fatigue protocols. Lower limb and trunk fatigue -induced changes in trunk performance and skin temperatures were similar.