The Evaluation of the Awareness About the Effects of Smoking on Oral and Periodontal Health

Nışancı Yılmaz M. N., İnönü E., Oduncuoğlu B. F., Özonur D.

Türkiye Klinikleri Diş Hekimliği Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.27, no.4, pp.652-659, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


ABS TRACT Objective: The clinical signs of periodontal disease may negatively affect the quality of life. In addition, smoking is an important risk factor for oral and periodontal diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the patients’ awareness of the effects of smoking on oral health and investigate the impacts of periodontal disease on oral health-related quality of life. Material and Methods: One hundred and forty participants were diagnosed according to the 2017 classification of periodontal and peri-implant diseases and conditions. A questionnaire was used to analyze the patients’ awareness of the effects of smoking and oral health-related quality of life was measured using Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) scale. Statistical tests were performed in order to assess the association between categorical variables and ordinal logistic regression was applied to evaluate risk factors of the OHIP-14 score. Results: The patients included in the study had low level of awareness of the relationship between smoking and the failure of periodontal and implant therapy. There was a significant difference among smokers, non- and ex-smokers in awareness of the effect of smoking on taste alteration. In study group, 32% of patients were diagnosed with gingivitis, 52% of patients were diagnosed with periodontitis and 16% of patients were diagnosed with reduced periodontium with gingivitis. No significant difference was found among periodontal disease groups in terms of total OHIP-14 scores. Conclusion: As a result of this study, smokers were aware of the effects of smoking on oral health as well as non-smokers and ex-smokers. It is important that dental professionals should inform their patients about the oral effects of smoking and encourage smoking cessation.