Spatial distribution analysis of ship accidents in the Canakkale Strait


BAYAZİT O., TÖZ A. C., BÜBER M.

SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF THE MARITIME UNIVERSITY OF SZCZECIN-ZESZYTY NAUKOWE AKADEMII MORSKIEJ W SZCZECINIE, vol.62, no.134, pp.9-17, 2020 (ESCI) identifier

Abstract

This study used a spatial distribution analysis to identify the risky areas in the Canakkale Strait - one of the narrowest waterways with high marine traffic - in terms of ship accidents. To accomplish this, a point density analysis, as part of the geographic information systems (GIS) methodology, was used to create accident density distributions and thematic maps. A total of 162 marine accidents in the Canakkale Strait between 2007 and 2018 were taken into account. Detailed technical data of accidents were obtained from accident reports provided by the Turkish Maritime Search and Rescue Coordination Center (TMSRCC). The results showed that, among the 162 cases, bulk carriers have the highest accident rate, and most accidents at the Nara Turn were caused by engine failure. In addition, accidents due to navigational failure occurred in every region of the strait. Remarkably, factors directly and indirectly related to human error were still the determining factors in marine accidents. As a result, the risk of marine accidents was higher in the narrow portions of the waterway, and navigation was difficult, especially in areas such as the Nara Turn Point. In future research, it is recommended to consider a wider period of activities using different methods to provide more comprehensive results.