Seasonal variations of multi-biomarker responses to metals and pesticides pollution in M. galloprovincialis and T. decussatus from Homa Lagoon, Eastern Aegean Sea


Uluturhan E., Darılmaz E., Kontas A., Bilgin M., Alyürük H., Altay O., ...More

MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN, vol.141, pp.176-186, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 141
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.02.035
  • Journal Name: MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.176-186
  • Keywords: Mytilus galloprovincialis, Tapes decussatus, Metal, Pesticide, Biomarker, Homa Lagoon, MUSSELS MYTILUS-GALLOPROVINCIALIS, TRACE-METALS, OXIDATIVE STRESS, ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES, HEAVY-METALS, IZMIR BAY, POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS, TRANSPLANTED MUSSELS, TAPES-PHILIPPINARUM, ORGANIC POLLUTION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Biomarkers (CAT, SOD, GPx, and AChE) were investigated in hepatopancreas and soft tissues of mussels (Mytilns galloprovincialis) and clams (Tapes decussatus) in response to metal and pesticide pollutions in Homa Lagoon. Mussel and clam samples were seasonally collected in January, May, August and November 2015. According to the results, higher metal concentrations determined in the soft tissues of both species in January. Hepatopancreas was found to accumulate higher levels of metals than soft tissue. Metal deposition potential in clams were higher than mussels. Pesticide levels were below detection limits in clams. In mussels, only 4,4'-DDE was detected in soft tissues and hepatopancreas in November. Highest AChE, CAT, SOD and GPx activities in mussels were determined in January. On the other hand, maximum AChE and CAT activities in clams were found in November. Seasonal variations of metals and biomarker levels might be related to species-specific physiology and environmental conditions.