Assessment of trace metals concentrations in zooplankton from the Edremit Bay (Northeastern Aegean Sea, Turkiye)


SUZER E., Bilgin M., ÜNLÜOĞLU A., ALYÜRÜK H., DARILMAZ E., KONTAŞ A.

REGIONAL STUDIES IN MARINE SCIENCE, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.rsma.2023.102915
  • Journal Name: REGIONAL STUDIES IN MARINE SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS
  • Keywords: Bioaccumulation, Edremit Bay, Marine zooplankton, Metal pollution, Metal pollution index, The Aegean Sea
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the temporal (April & November, 2015) and spatial (point stations & transect lines) status of metal concentrations in zooplankton from the Edremit Bay, Aegean Sea, as well as utilization of zooplankton as a bio-indicator for metal pollution in the study area. The samples were freeze-dried and analyzed in atomic absorption spectrometers. Metal concentrations in zooplankton ranged between Hg:0.30-0.13, Cd:0.51-13.6, Pb:7.76-2364, Cr:3.50-80.4, Cu:9.52-149, Zn:383-4894, Mn:24.3-723 and Fe:1502-130652 mg kg-1 dry weight. The mean concentration of metals decreased in the order of Fe > Zn > Pb > Mn>Cu > Cr > Cd > Hg. Mean metal concentrations were higher at point stations compared to transects sampling lines. Metal Pollution Index (MPI) values in the spring were higher than in the autumn. The highest MPI values were found at the southern and eastern coasts of the bay in the spring which could be related to increased metabolic activity, growth, and food uptake in spring season. The high accumulation degrees of metals in zooplankton could be related to presence of mining sites, industrial facilities, wind-driven currents, and streams in Edremit Bay. This study provides a valuable information for further researches on bioaccumulation of metals by zooplankton in the Aegean Sea.(c) 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.