Pioglitazone Reduces Peritoneal Fibrosis via Inhibition of TGF-beta, MMP-2, and MMP-9 in a Model of Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis


RENAL FAILURE, vol.34, no.1, pp.95-102, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/0886022x.2011.623498
  • Journal Name: RENAL FAILURE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.95-102
  • Keywords: pioglitazone, matrix metalloproteinases, transforming growth factor-beta, fibrosis, encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis, GROWTH-FACTOR-BETA, ACTIVATED-RECEPTOR-GAMMA, MESOTHELIAL CELLS, MORPHOLOGIC CHANGES, EXPRESSION, MEMBRANE, TRANSPORT
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) were increased in peritoneal dialysis patients with encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) and in chlorhexidine gluconate (CG)-induced peritoneal sclerosing animal models. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are the major regulators of key metabolic pathways of various inflammatory responses in fibrosing processes in most tissues. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of pioglitazone (Pio), a synthetic PPAR-gamma ligand, on the development of peritoneal fibrosis in CG-induced EPS rats. Methods: Thirty-two Wistar albino rats were intraperitoneally injected with saline (C group n = 8) or with CG (1.5 mL/100 g; CG group, n = 8). Pio (30 mg/kg/day) was administered orally to another group of CG injected rats (the CG + Pio group, n = 8) and to another control group (Pio group, n = 8) from initiation to the end of this study. After 14 days of Pio administration, the rats were killed and the parietal and visceral peritoneum were harvested. TGF-beta, MMP-2, MMP-9, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1, and TIMP-2 activity assays and a morphological examination of the peritoneal tissues were performed. Results: Pio significantly inhibited thickening of the submesothelial layer, fibrosis, and inflammation in the peritoneum. It also prevented increases in pro-MMP-2, pro-MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TGF-beta activities. Conclusion: Pio, via MMP and TGF-beta inhibition, may lessen accumulation of peritoneal extracellular matrix and fibrosis to some extent in an EPS model and might be a new approach to the amelioration of EPS.