Solution of free vibration equations of semi-rigid connected Reddy-Bickford beams resting on elastic soil using the differential transform method


ARCHIVE OF APPLIED MECHANICS, vol.81, no.2, pp.199-213, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 81 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00419-010-0405-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.199-213
  • Keywords: Differential transform method, Elastic soil, Free vibration, Partial differential equation, Reddy-Bickford beam, Semi-rigid connection, TIMOSHENKO BEAM, TRANSVERSE VIBRATION, COLUMNS, SHEAR
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The literature regarding the free vibration analysis of Bernoulli-Euler and Timoshenko beams under various supporting conditions is plenty, but the free vibration analysis of Reddy-Bickford beams with variable cross-section on elastic soil with/without axial force effect using the Differential Transform Method (DTM) has not been investigated by any of the studies in open literature so far. In this study, the free vibration analysis of axially loaded and semi-rigid connected Reddy-Bickford beam with variable cross-section on elastic soil is carried out by using DTM. The model has six degrees of freedom at the two ends, one transverse displacement and two rotations, and the end forces are a shear force and two end moments in this study. The governing differential equations of motion of the rectangular beam in free vibration are derived using Hamilton's principle and considering rotatory inertia. Parameters for the relative stiffness, stiffness ratio and nondimensionalized multiplication factor for the axial compressive force are incorporated into the equations of motion in order to investigate their effects on the natural frequencies. At first, the terms are found directly from the analytical solutions of the differential equations that describe the deformations of the cross-section according to the high-order theory. After the analytical solution, an efficient and easy mathematical technique called DTM is used to solve the governing differential equations of the motion. The calculated natural frequencies of semi-rigid connected Reddy-Bickford beam with variable cross-section on elastic soil using DTM are tabulated in several tables and figures and are compared with the results of the analytical solution where a very good agreement is observed.