Temporal and spatial biomonitoring of heavy metals in eastern Aegean coastal waters using Amphibalanus amphitrite


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Önen S., Kucuksezgin F., Koçak F.

MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN, vol.62, no.11, pp.2548-2556, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 62 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.08.017
  • Journal Name: MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2548-2556
  • Keywords: Heavy metal, Amphibalanus amphitrite, Barnacle, Biomonitoring, Metal contamination, Aegean Sea, MULLET MULLUS-BARBATUS, TRACE-METAL, IZMIR BAY, HONG-KONG, MARINE-SEDIMENTS, SEA, POLLUTION, COPPER, ACCUMULATION, CRUSTACEANS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This biomonitoring study presents the spatial and temporal distributions of heavy metals in the soft tissues of a major fouling species Amphibalanus amphitrite living on hard substrate at different sites along the eastern Aegean coast. A. amphitrite has been chosen as a strong candidate for monitoring heavy metals. Sediment and seawater samples were also collected to detect their metal contents in order to gain more information on the environmental conditions and possible bioaccumulation patterns. The physicochemical characteristics of sampling stations have been measured in order to characterize the sampling area. The order of metal concentrations in barnacles, sediment and seawater decreased in the following order Cu > Fe > Zn > Mn > Cd > Cr > Pb > Hg, Fe > Mn > Zn > Cu > Pb > Cr > Hg > Cd and Fe > Zn > Mn > Cu > Pb > Cr > Cd > Hg, respectively. These results showed that barnacles accumulate Cu in a higher degree than both sediment and seawater. Moreover, metal concentrations in barnacle have the potential for use in any future regulatory framework monitoring and eventually controlling ambient metal pollution levels. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.