Infectious diseases and clinical microbiology consultations in the emergency department: A cross-sectional study at a tertiary-care hospital

Çelik M., Karabacak A., Açıkgöz T., Atabay F. Y., Helvacı G., Ghaffarı A. N., ...More

ADVANCES IN CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, vol.0, no.0, pp.1-6, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 0 Issue: 0
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.17219/acem/173557
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-6
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Although there is limited data about the role of infectious diseases and clinical microbiology (IDCM) consultations in the Emergency Department (ED), they have a key role in deciding on hospitalization and appropriate use of antibiotics.

Objectives: To evaluate demographic and clinical characteristics of patients who visited the ED of our hospital and underwent an IDCM consultation.

Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, were viewed the medical records of adult patients who visited the ED of our hospital between May and August 2021 and needed IDCM consultation. The demographic data, the date and time of admission and consultation, the departments that were consulted before IDCM, laboratory results, diagnosis, and outcome were recorded.

Results: Out of 42,116 ED visits, 1,007 (2.4%) IDCM consultations were requested. The median time between admission and IDCM consultation was 239 min (150.0–373.5). Before 56.9% of IDCM consultations, pre-consultations were requested from other departments, and the time interval was significantly longer. The median age of patients was 68 years (51–77years). Infections were confirmed by the IDCM physician in 79.6% of the consultations. The most diagnosed infections were urinary tract infections (32.4%), skin-soft tissue infections (16.9%) and lower respiratory tract infections (10.3%), whereas 9.3% of the consultations resulted in hospitalization to the infection ward, 25.1% to other wards, and 5% to the intensive care unit (ICU).

Conclusions: Two of 3 consultations resulted in hospitalization in other wards, and this shows that IDCM consultations are beneficial for managing patients with infectious diseases hospitalized in other departments. Communication between IDCM specialists and ED colleagues is important, especially in the management of elderly patients who require a multidisciplinary approach.