First occurrence of fouling ascidian species Microcosmus squamiger Michaelsen, 1927 and Didemnum ahu Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1987 in Izmir Bay (Eastern Aegean Sea)


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Önen S.

JOURNAL OF NATURAL HISTORY, vol.54, pp.1897-1912, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00222933.2020.1831638
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF NATURAL HISTORY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1897-1912
  • Keywords: Non-indigenous ascidians, invasive species, Microcosmus squamiger, Didemnum ahu, Aegean Sea
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine species composition of ascidians and to detect the occurrence of alien ascidian species in Izmir Bay (Eastern Aegean Sea). The study was conducted at seven stations situated in recreational marinas and frequently used places for boating, fishing, and shipping activities in Izmir Bay between 25 and 27 August 2015 and between 23 and 26 November 2015. According to the findings, the non-native ascidian species such as Microcosmus squamiger Michaelsen, 1927, Didemnum ahu Monniot C. & Monniot F., 1987, and Polyclinum sp. were recorded for the first time on natural and artificial substrates at the sampling stations. The results indicate an increase in the number of alien ascidian species in the region. Also, the findings of this study showed that global marine invasive species M. squamiger has spread from the western Mediterranean to the eastern Mediterranean.