Pregnant Turkish women with low income: Their anxiety, health-promoting lifestyles, and related factors

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Kavlak O., Ünsal Atan Ş., Sirin A., Sen E., Er Güneri S., Dag H.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING PRACTICE, vol.19, no.5, pp.507-515, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ijn.12093
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.507-515
  • Keywords: anxiety, health promotion, low income, poverty, pregnancy, SOCIAL SUPPORT, DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS, MATERNAL STRESS, TOBACCO USE, PREDICTORS, ATTITUDES, PROFILE, IMPACT
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No


This paper presents anxiety levels, health-promoting lifestyles and related factors among pregnant Turkish women with low income. A descriptive correlation and cross-sectional study was conducted at a state maternity hospital in Western Turkey. The paper reports on the data (n = 195) from the Spielberg State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP) and a sociodemographic questionnaire. The average HPLP score was low (mean 2.57, SD 0.42). The average STAI score was high (40.67 ± 9.48; 46.40 ± 8.09, respectively). A significant relation was detected between the trait anxiety, state anxiety, antenatal visit, perception of social support, living environment, family type and HPLP (P < 0.05). A moderately negative relation was detected between the mean STAI and HPLP scores. The findings indicate information and data should be provided for service planning and community care to support pregnant Turkish women with low income in communities.