Late onset Bartter syndrome: Bartter syndrome type 2 presenting with isolated nephrocalcinosis and high parathyroid hormone levels mimicking primary hyperparathyroidism


YILDIZ G., Bayram M. T., ÇİNLETİ T., KOÇ A., SOYLU A., KAVUKÇU S.

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, vol.35, no.10, pp.1298-1301, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/jpem-2022-0154
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1298-1301
  • Keywords: Bartter syndrome type 2, hyperparathyroidism, nephrocalcinosis
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objectives Nephrocalcinosis is associated with conditions that cause hypercalcemia and the increased urinary excretion of calcium, phosphate, and/or oxalate. A monogenic etiology is found in almost 30% of childhood-onset nephrocalcinosis which is also a common manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism. We discuss a child with nephrocalcinosis and features mimicking primary hyperparathyroidism. Case Presentation A 7-year-old girl presented with nephrocalcinosis. Hypercalciuria, hyperphosphaturia, mild hypercalcemia, hypophosphatemia and elevated parathyroid hormone levels along with normal serum creatinine and absence of hypokalemic alkalosis suggested primary hyperparathyroidism. However, she was ultimately diagnosed with Bartter syndrome type 2 based on the presence of homozygous pathogenic variation in KCNJ1gene. Conclusions This is the second reported case of late-onset Bartter syndrome type 2 without hypokalemic alkalosis. Patients with Bartter syndrome may present with high parathyroid hormone levels and hypercalcemia in addition to hypercalciuria. Thus, the present case suggests that the KCNJ1 gene should be included in genetic analysis even in older children with isolated nephrocalcinosis.