Assessment of the Environmental and Physical Ergonomic Conditions of ORs in Turkey


AORN JOURNAL, vol.110, no.5, pp.517-523, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 110 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/aorn.12841
  • Journal Name: AORN JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.517-523
  • Keywords: ergonomics, smoke evacuation, noise levels, occupational safety, perioperative environment, OPERATING-ROOMS, NOISE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


This descriptive, cross-sectional study in hospital ORs in Izmir, Turkey, assessed the environmental and physical ergonomic conditions that may place perioperative personnel at risk for injury or illness. We used an ergonomic conditions and risk factor description form to collect data in 58 ORs in nine different hospitals. We identified that the noise level and general air quality in the ORs were within recommended levels. However, none of the ORs had a surgical smoke evacuation system, pressure-absorbing mats, or special equipment to facilitate patient moving and lifting. Approximately 70% of the ORs had high stools to provide short periods of rest for the surgical personnel. In addition, perioperative personnel did not wear protection to prevent intraoperative radiation exposure. These results indicate that although some environmental factors were within acceptable limits, other physical ergonomic risks were not adequately addressed, thereby placing perioperative staff members at risk for health concerns.