Effect of intravenous iron sucrose on oxidative stress in peritoneal dialysis patients


Saglam F., Cavdar C., Uysal S., ÇAVDAR Z., Carnsari T.

RENAL FAILURE, vol.29, no.7, pp.849-854, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08860220701573566
  • Journal Name: RENAL FAILURE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.849-854
  • Keywords: peritoneal dialysis, iron, oxidative stress, CHRONIC-RENAL-FAILURE, HEMODIALYSIS-PATIENTS, GLUTATHIONE, DISEASE, KIDNEY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Aim. Intravenous iron therapy is an accepted treatment for patients receiving hemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Studies have found enhanced oxidative stress in hemodialysis patients receiving intravenous iron, but there are no clinical data for CAPD patients. The aim of the Current study was to investigate the effect of 100 mg of intravenous iron-sucrose on the erythrocyte (RBC) antioxidant enzymes (namely, superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase [CAT], and glutathione peroxidase [GSHPx]) and plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), an oxidant molecule, in CAPD patients. Methods. Twelve CAPD patients receiving maintenance intravenous iron-sucrose were recruited. After a 12-hour fast, blood samples were taken for hemoglobin, iron, ferritin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and for baseline activities of erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes (i.e., SOD, CAT, GSHPx) and the plasma oxidant molecule, MDA. 100 mg ironsucrose was infused over 30 minutes. Blood samples taken during (i.e., 15 minutes after commencement of infusion) and after (i.e., at 30 minutes, 60 minutes, and 6 hours after commencement) the infusion were taken for measurement of plasma iron, ferritin, TSAT, RBC SOD, CAT, GSHPx, and plasma MDA. Results. Plasma iron and transferrin saturation elevated significantly during infusion (p < 0.05). There was no significant change in erythrocyte SOD, CAT, GSHPx, or in MDA activities. There was a reduction of GSHPx activity at the 30th minute (from 153.69 +/- 66.69 to 123.68 +/- 25.50 mU/mL), but it was not statistically significant. The patients were grouped according to baseline ferritin (100-400 and 400-800 mg/mL); 60th-minute MDA was significantly higher in the latter group (p < 0.05). There was no correlation between hsCRP and oxidant-anti oxidant balance. No correlation was noted between RBC antioxidant enzymes or plasma oxidant molecule and ferritin levels. Conclusion. There are no acute deteriorating effects from a 100 mg of intravenous iron-sucrose in CAPD patients with optimal iron stores. This dose may be applied safely in CAPD patients.