Necrotic arachnidism of the eyelid due to Loxosceles rufescens spider bite


Söylev Bajın M. F., Arıkan G., Parlak M., Tunçok Y., Yigit N., Durak İ., ...More

CUTANEOUS AND OCULAR TOXICOLOGY, vol.30, no.4, pp.302-305, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/15569527.2011.577494
  • Journal Name: CUTANEOUS AND OCULAR TOXICOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.302-305
  • Keywords: Eyelid, Loxosceles rufescens, loxoscelism, necrotic arachnidism, spider, HYPERBARIC-OXYGEN, ENVENOMATION, THERAPY, DAPSONE, TURKEY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

A 69-year-old woman was awakened with redness and swelling of the left upper eyelid a few days before her presentation. She also noticed a dead spider on her bed. Ophthalmic examination revealed severe left periorbital hyperemia, edema and a wide necrotic area on the upper eyelid. Systemic condition of the patient was well. She was hospitalized with the diagnosis of necrotic arachnidism of the left upper eyelid. Systemic corticosteroid and antibiotic treatment was commenced. No surgical intervention was carried out. A week later, whole upper eyelid was covered with a black eschar. This black eschar shrank with time, and it detached completely within 8 weeks and the lesion healed without a disfiguring scar. Meanwhile, the offending spider was identified as Loxosceles rufescens. Although rare, eyelid may be a biting site for Loxosceles spiders and a favorable result may be obtained with conservative management.