Effects of depressive disorders on quality of life perceptions among adolescents


ALŞEN GÜNEY S., BAYKARA H. B., Inal Emiroglu N.

ANADOLU PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, vol.18, no.5, pp.468-477, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.5455/apd.254107
  • Journal Name: ANADOLU PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.468-477
  • Keywords: depression, adolescents, quality of life, CHILDREN, HEALTH, RELIABILITY, PARENT, AGE, DETERMINANTS, CHALLENGES, AGREEMENT, INVENTORY, VALIDITY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: In our study, the perception of quality of life in the adolescents diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) was assessed by using multiple instruments to determine how their parents and adolescents were affected by depression in their own perspective, and the findings were compared with healthy control group. Thus, it is aimed to investigate the complementary nature of different types of instruments used in MDD during evaluation process by examining the relationship between depressive symptoms and quality of life. Methods: In our study, 38 adolescents diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) by using DSM IV-TR criteria between 13-18 years old were recruited who admitted to or were already followed in Dokuz Eylul University (DEU) Child and Adolescents Psychiatry Department Outpatient Unit. 38 healthy controls between same age range with MDD adolescents were chosen from DEU's Catchment Area. Both adolescents and their parents were asked to complete Turkish version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory. A self-report inventory called Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used to assess depressive symptoms and a child psychiatrist fulfilled Clinic Global Impression-severity (CGI-S) and Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) forms for each participant. Result: It has been shown that comparing with healthy controls, MDD diagnosed children's PedsQL total points and subtotal points were found statistically significantly lower. Adolescents diagnosed with MDD's both PedsQL total and subtotal points were positively correlated with their parents. There were moderate relationship between both adolescents and their parents PedsQL points, self-report inventory called BDI and clinician rated CGAS and CGI-severity. Discussion: Our findings pointed out that because its descriptive features of experiencing subjective and environmental difficulties in functionality areas, PedsQL is one of the important instruments that supports clinical evaluation of severity of and impairment caused by depressive disorder.