Determination of cylindrical soil specimen dimensions by imaging with application to volume change of bentonite-sand mixtures

ÖNAL O., ÖREN A. H., ÖZDEN G., Kaya A.

GEOTECHNICAL TESTING JOURNAL, vol.31, no.2, pp.124-131, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.124-131
  • Keywords: digital image processing, volumetric shrinkage, nondestructive testing, compaction, continuous monitoring, bentonite, sand, HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY, GRANULAR SOILS, SHRINKAGE, DESICCATION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Volumetric shrinkage of compacted bentonite and sand mixtures has been continuously monitored at small strain levels (i.e., <5 %) using a digital image processing technique. A special digital measurement setup and a computer algorithm have been developed in order to identify volume of the drying specimens. Volume change of three compacted bentonite-sand mixtures at different initial moisture contents were recorded during drying by means of vernier caliper and digital measurements. Continuous monitoring of the volumetric shrinkage of specimens using digital images proved that digital measurement and data reduction methodology developed herein is capable of determining the shrinkage amount with desired accuracy. It is shown in the study that consistent volumetric shrinkage strain readings can be taken using this cost effective, nondestructive, and operator independent measurement setup, which may have become the preferred shrinkage measurement methodology in soil mechanics laboratory practice with some added features.