Balanced K-Star: An Explainable Machine Learning Method for Internet-of-Things-Enabled Predictive Maintenance in Manufacturing

Ghasemkhani B., AKTAŞ Ö., BİRANT D.

MACHINES, vol.11, no.3, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/machines11030322
  • Journal Name: MACHINES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Predictive maintenance (PdM) combines the Internet of Things (IoT) technologies with machine learning (ML) to predict probable failures, which leads to the necessity of maintenance for manufacturing equipment, providing the opportunity to solve the related problems and thus make adaptive decisions in a timely manner. However, a standard ML algorithm cannot be directly applied to a PdM dataset, which is highly imbalanced since, in most cases, signals correspond to normal rather than critical conditions. To deal with data imbalance, in this paper, a novel explainable ML method entitled "Balanced K-Star" based on the K-Star classification algorithm is proposed for PdM in an IoT-based manufacturing environment. Experiments conducted on a PdM dataset showed that the proposed Balanced K-Star method outperformed the standard K-Star method in terms of classification accuracy. The results also showed that the proposed method (98.75%) achieved higher accuracy than the state-of-the-art methods (91.74%) on the same data.