Cervical cancer risk levels among women aged 30-65 and factors affecting compliance with the national cervical cancer screening standards


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Koca B., Açıkgöz A.

Medicine Science, vol.12, no.1, pp.108-114, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.5455/medscience2022.07.170
  • Journal Name: Medicine Science
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.108-114
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Screening programs for early detection of cervical cancer are extremely important for better prognosis and long-term survival. This study was conducted to determine cervical cancer (CC) risk levels among women aged between 30-65 and the factors affecting having an HPV/Pap smear test that complies with national CC screening standards. A total of 1407 women in the 30-65 age group participated in this cross-sectional study. No sample selection procedure was conducted, and 1407 women who voluntarily agreed to participate in the study were included in the study group. Data were collected between January 2019 and March 2020. The questionnaire used in the study consisted of questions about women's sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyles, CC early diagnosis and screening behaviors, and the CC risk calculation model. Pearson chi-square test, chi-square test for trend, and logistic regression analysis were used in the study. Statistical significance level was accepted as p< 0.05. In the study, 58.9% of the women reported that they had a test within one to three years, 67.5% of those who did not have the test stated they did not know that it was necessary, and 46.2% stated that they neglected it. The CC risk level of 83.6% of women was “below average”. The rate of having an HPV/PS test in accordance with the national CC screening standards was significantly higher in women who were in the  50-59 age group, smoked, had a childbirth experience, or did not regularly use a condom during sexual intercourse (p<0.05). As the calculated CC risk level increased, testing behaviors decreased statistically significantly (p<0.01). The time of the last screening test was more than five years in those with a calculated CC risk level of ≥average (p<0.01). The CC risk level of the women in the study was below average. There was a significant relationship between HPV/PS testing behavior and age, smoking, having a childbirth experience, and condom use.