Effect of antenatal class attendance on fear of childbirth and antenatal stress


Yörük S., Açıkgöz A.

REVISTA DE SAUDE PUBLICA, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.11606/s1518-8787.2023057004272
  • Journal Name: REVISTA DE SAUDE PUBLICA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of attending antenatal classes on fear of childbirth and antenatal stress in nulliparous pregnant women.METHODS: A total of 133 nulliparous pregnant women participated in the study, which had a quasi-experimental design. Data were collected by a descriptive data form, the Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire, and the Antenatal Perceived Stress Inventory (APSI).RESULTS: A significant correlation was found between antenatal class attendance and having a high schooling level and an intended pregnancy (p < 0.05). The mean fear of childbirth score of pregnant women was 85.50 +/- 19.41 before the training and 76.32 +/- 20.52 after the training, and the difference between these scores was significant (p < 0.01). Fear of childbirth score were not significantly different between the intervention group and the control group. The mean APSI score of pregnant women in the intervention group was 22.32 +/- 6.12 before the training and 21.79 +/- 5.97 after the training. However, this difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.70).CONCLUSION: The fear of childbirth score decreased significantly in the intervention group after the training.