Sorption of boron by invasive marine seaweed: Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea


ANT BURSALI E., ÇAVAŞ L., SEKİ Y., SEYHAN BOZKURT S., YURDAKOÇ M.

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, vol.150, pp.385-390, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 150
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cej.2009.01.016
  • Journal Name: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.385-390
  • Keywords: Caulerpa racemosa vac cylindracea, Boron, Sorption, Biological invasion, ION-EXCHANGE-RESIN, AQUEOUS-SOLUTION, ADSORPTION ISOTHERMS, GREEN MACROALGA, METHYLENE-BLUE, REMOVAL, WATER, LENTILLIFERA, DYE, SYSTEM
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The sorption of boron from aqueous solution onto Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (CRC), collected from Seferihisar/Izmir region in Turkey, was investigated as a function of pH, temperature, initial boron concentration, adsorbent dosage, contact time and ionic strength. Optimum conditions for the sorption of boron were obtained at pH 7.5, 318 K, 8 mg L-1 initial boron concentration, 0.2 g of CRC, 2.5 h contact time and greater ionic strength (10(-1) M NaCl). As the temperature was increased the boron removal took place with higher percentages. In experiments conducted at optimum conditions, maximum boron sorption was determined to be about 63%. The experimental data were analyzed by Freundlich, Langmuir and Dubinin-Radusckevich (DR) equations. Freundlich and DR models provide best conformity with the experimental data. In order to describe kinetics of boron sorption onto CRC, first-order Lagergren equation, pseudo-second-order kinetic model and intraparticle diffusion model were used. It was seen that the first order Lagergren equation was better described than the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Thermodynamic parameters of sorption process were also calculated. It was obtained that sorption process was not spontaneous. The characterization of CRC was carried out by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.