Full-length genome characterization of a novel mitovirus isolated from the root rot fungus Armillaria mellea


Erkmen S., ŞAHİN E., AKATA I.

Virus Genes, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11262-023-02041-8
  • Journal Name: Virus Genes
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Armillaria mellea, Duamitovirus, Mycovirus, Root rot
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Members of the genus Armillaria belong to the group of pathogenic and facultative saprotrophic fungi that are generally known as one of the causative agents of white root rot in infected plants including deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs. Although several single-stranded RNA mycoviruses were previously described in different Armillaria species, there is no report on mitoviruses (one of the simplest RNA viruses of fungal hosts) known to infect Armillaria taxa. In this study, a new mitovirus denominated “Armillaria mellea mitovirus 1” (AmMV1) was identified in the sporophore samples of Armillaria mellea, commonly known as honey mushroom. AmMV1 has a genome length of 4440 nucleotides and a G + C content of 48%. It encompasses a single open reading frame (ORF) that encodes an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). Comparison through BLASTp analysis revealed that the RdRp domain of AmMV1 shares a sequence identity ranging from 33.43% to 43.27% with RdRp domains of Duamitovirus genus members, having the highest similarity (43.27%) to Rhizoctonia solani mitovirus 94. According to phylogenetic analysis, AmMV1 is classified as a member of the genus Duamitovirus belonging to the Mitoviridae family. This marks the initial instance of a mitovirus identified in Armillaria spp.