What is the Effect of Pedicle Screw Reinsertion Through the Same Trajectory on Pullout Strength?


Kalemci O., Kizmazoglu C., Ozyoruk S., Uzunoglu I., Husemoglu B., Atar M., ...More

TURKISH NEUROSURGERY, vol.32, no.4, pp.635-640, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.5137/1019-5149.jtn.35526-21.3
  • Journal Name: TURKISH NEUROSURGERY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.635-640
  • Keywords: Biomechanics, Lumbar vertebrae, Pedicle screw, Tensile Strength, FIXATION, SPINE, COMPLICATIONS, AUGMENTATION, PERFORMANCE, REVISION, DESIGN
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the pullout strength of a pedicle screw reinserted through the same trajectory MATERIAL and METHODS: Fifty freshly frozen lamb L4 vertebrae were divided into the following five groups: Group 1, inserted with a 5-mm pedicle screw; Group 2, inserted with a 5-mm pedicle screw followed by the removal and reinsertion of the same screw after control; Group 3, inserted with a 5-mm pedicle screw followed by the removal and reinsertion of a 5.5-mm screw after control; Group 4, inserted with a 5.5-mm pedicle screw; and Group 5, inserted with a 5.5-mm pedicle screw followed by the removal and reinsertion of the same screw after control. Pedicle screws were inserted into the right pedicles, and axial pullout testing was performed at 5 mm/min. All data were recorded. A load-displacement curve was used to obtain the peak value of the pullout strength for all specimens. RESULTS: The mean pullout strengths were 1086.22 N, 1043.32 N, 1039.18, 1199.10, and 1131.68 N for Groups 1???5, respectively. No significant difference was observed among all groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Perioperative reinsertion of the same screw or (0.5 mm) larger in diameter through the same trajectory after the control of the screw trajectory did not affect the pullout strength of the screw.