Choroidal structural analysis in ultra-high risk and first-episode psychosis

Demirlek C., Atas F., Yalincetin B., Gurbuz M. S., Cesim E., Demir M., ...More

EUROPEAN NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY, pp.72-80, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2023.02.016
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.72-80
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Both structural and functional alterations in the retina and the choroid of the eye, as parts of the central nervous system, have been shown in psychotic disorders, especially in schizophre-nia. In addition, genetic and imaging studies indicate vascular and angiogenesis anomalies in the psychosis spectrum disorders. In this ocular imaging study, choroidal structure and vascular-ity were investigated using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) optical coherence tomography (OCT) in first-episode psychosis (FEP), ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR-P), and age-and gender -matched healthy controls (HCs). There were no significant differences between groups in cen-tral choroidal thickness, stromal choroidal area (SCA), luminal choroidal area (LCA) and total subfoveal choroidal area. The LCA/SCA ratio ( p < 0.001) and the choroidal vascularity index (CVI) ( p < 0.001) were significantly different between FEP, UHR-P and HCs. CVI and LCA/SCA ra-tio were significantly higher in patients with FEP compared to help-seeking youth at UHR-P. CVI and LCA/SCA ratio were not different between UHR-P and HCs. However, CVI was higher in UHR-P compared to HCs after excluding the outliers for the sensitivity analysis ( p = 0.002). Current findings suggest that choroidal thickness is normal, but there are abnormalities in choroidal microvasculature in prodromal and first-episode psychosis. Further longitudinal studies are needed to investigate oculomics, especially CVI, as a promising biomarker for the prediction of conversion to psychosis in individuals at clinical high-risk.(c) 2023 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP. All rights reserved.