The unique genome organization of two novel fusariviruses hosted by the true morel mushroom Morchella esculenta


Sahin E., KESKİN E., AKATA I.

VIRUS RESEARCH, vol.302, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 302
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.virusres.2021.198486
  • Journal Name: VIRUS RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: True morel, Mycovirus, Fusariviruses, Viral Promethin, LDAF1, MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION, MYCOVIRUSES, DIVERSE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Two putative mycoviruses belonging to the proposed family "Fusariviridae" were identified in Morchella esculenta by sequencing of double-stranded RNAs extracted from the morel mushroom. These viruses were tentatively named "Morchella esculenta fusarivirus 1 ''(MeFV1) and "Morchella esculenta fusarivirus 2 ''(MeFV2). Including the poly(A) tail the complete genomes of MeFV1 and MeFV2 are composed of 9096 and 9011 nucleotides (nt) respectively. Both genomes contain four non-overlapping open reading frames (ORFs) in which the largest and the smallest ORFs are ORF2 and ORF3 for both genomes respectively. The ORF1 of MeFV1 and MeFV2 are preceded by the 5 ' untranslated regions (UTRs) of 27 and 37 nt respectively and encode 341 and 339 aa long proteins that do not exhibit significant similarity to any of the protein sequences present in GenBank database. The 1502 and 1511 aa long proteins encoded by ORF2 of MeFV1 and MeFV2 share 84.42% sequence identity to each other and are 58.54% and 58.57% identical to the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of Morchella importuna fusarivirus 1 (MiFV1) respectively. Interestingly, a Promethin/LDAF1 protein domain that is associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and lipid droplet (LD) membranes was identified at the N terminal regions of MeFV1 and MeFV2 RdRps, implying that the replication of these viruses is linked to the lipid membranes. The ORF3 and ORF4 of MeFV1 and MeFV2 encode proteins (268 and 333 aa long, and 645 and 647 aa long respectively) that only share significant sequence similarities with the proteins encoded by the ORF2 and ORF3 of MiFV1 respectively. The 3 ' UTRs of MeFV1 and MeFV2 are 162 and 159 nt long respectively and both of them have 51 nt long terminal poly(A) traits. To our knowledge, MeFV1 and MeFV2 are the first fusariviruses identified in M. esculenta and this is the first study reporting on the presence of Promethin/LDAF1 domain in viral RdRps.